Noel Streatfeild’s Second-Hand <em>Shoes</em>: Reading <em>The Whicharts</em> against Its Juvenilization <em>Ballet Shoes</em>

  • Jocelyn Van Tuyl
Keywords: Noel Streatfeild, ballet, shadow text


A case study of juvenilization, this essay reads Noel Streatfeild’s 1936 juvenile novel Ballet Shoes against its source text, Streatfeild’s 1931 theatrical novel The Whicharts. An analysis of how the author reworked “unsuitable” material for young readers reveals Ballet Shoes as more than a bowdlerized version of the adult novel. The rewriting of references to work and to sexuality in The Whicharts produces sophisticated and self-aware origin stories, nuanced and historically specific representations of work in its cultural context, and non-judgmental representations of diverse types of sexuality and family relationships in Ballet Shoes.


DOI: 10.1353/jeu.2012.0015

Author Biography

Jocelyn Van Tuyl

Jocelyn Van Tuyl is a Professor of French Language and Literature at New College of Florida in Sarasota, Florida. She is the author of André Gide and the Second World War: A Novelist’s Occupation (The State University of New York Press) and co-chairs the North American Division of the Association des Amis d’André Gide. Her publications examine authors ranging from Marcel Proust to Dan Brown.

How to Cite
Van Tuyl, J. (2012). Noel Streatfeild’s Second-Hand <em>Shoes</em>: Reading <em>The Whicharts</em> against Its Juvenilization <em>Ballet Shoes</em&gt;. Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures, 4(2). Retrieved from