<em>Hard Candy</em>, Revenge, and the “Aftermath” of Feminism: “A Teenage Girl Doesn’t Do This”

  • Chris Richards
Keywords: girls, girl power, feminism, post-feminism, rape-revenge


This article discusses the film Hard Candy in relation to debates surrounding the meanings of feminism, post-feminism, and girl power. In particular, it explores the rape-revenge narrative as an articulation of ambiguous representations of young women and their relationship to both second-wave and third-wave feminisms. The central example discussed in this article presents a challenging and unsettling representation of a young teenage girl confronting an apparently sexually predatory photographer in his thirties. This article explores the construction of such a teenage avenger with reference to a range of precedents in both film and television. In particular, the article considers on what terms Hard Candy contradicts the positioning of teenage girls as weak and vulnerable.


DOI: 10.1353/jeu.2015.0009

Author Biography

Chris Richards

Chris Richards is the author of three books: Young People, Popular Culture and Education (2011), Forever Young: Essays on Young Adult Fictions (2008), and Teen Spirits: Music and Identity in Media Education (1998). He is also joint author of Children, Media and Playground Cultures: Ethnographic Studies of School Playtimes (2013) and co-editor of Children’s Games in the Media Age: Childlore, Media and the Playground (2014). He recently retired from the London Knowledge Lab, Institute of Education, University of London, where he was a Senior Lecturer in Media Education.

How to Cite
Richards, C. (2015). <em>Hard Candy</em&gt;, Revenge, and the “Aftermath” of Feminism: “A Teenage Girl Doesn’t Do This”. Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures, 7(1). Retrieved from http://jeunessejournal.ca/index.php/yptc/article/view/215