<em>Hard Candy</em>, Revenge, and the “Aftermath” of Feminism: “A Teenage Girl Doesn’t Do This”

  • Chris Richards
Keywords: girls, girl power, feminism, post-feminism, rape-revenge


This article discusses the film Hard Candy in relation to debates surrounding the meanings of feminism, post-feminism, and girl power. In particular, it explores the rape-revenge narrative as an articulation of ambiguous representations of young women and their relationship to both second-wave and third-wave feminisms. The central example discussed in this article presents a challenging and unsettling representation of a young teenage girl confronting an apparently sexually predatory photographer in his thirties. This article explores the construction of such a teenage avenger with reference to a range of precedents in both film and television. In particular, the article considers on what terms Hard Candy contradicts the positioning of teenage girls as weak and vulnerable.

Author Biography

Chris Richards

Chris Richards is the author of three books: Young People, Popular Culture and Education (2011), Forever Young: Essays on Young Adult Fictions (2008), and Teen Spirits: Music and Identity in Media Education (1998). He is also joint author of Children, Media and Playground Cultures: Ethnographic Studies of School Playtimes (2013) and co-editor of Children’s Games in the Media Age: Childlore, Media and the Playground (2014). He recently retired from the London Knowledge Lab, Institute of Education, University of London, where he was a Senior Lecturer in Media Education.

How to Cite
Richards, C. (2015). <em>Hard Candy</em&gt;, Revenge, and the “Aftermath” of Feminism: “A Teenage Girl Doesn’t Do This”. Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures, 7(1). Retrieved from http://jeunessejournal.ca/index.php/yptc/article/view/215